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For The First Time, The Nasa Rover Has Successfully Transformed Carbon Dioxide From Mars Into Oxygen.

On July 30, 2020, NASA launched a space mission with the goal of exploring Mars, reconstructing its past, and searching for any trace of biological life. On February 18, 2021, the Perseverance rover successfully arrived on the surface of the Red Planet. In a statement, NASA revealed that a new experimental instrument aboard Perseverance – called the Mars Oxygen In-Situ Resource Utilization Experiment ( MOXIE ) – was able to transform some of the carbon dioxides in Mars’ atmosphere into oxygen.

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image credit: NASA JPL/Twitter

The atmosphere of Mars is 96% carbon dioxide, and MOXIE separates oxygen atoms from carbon dioxide molecules. Carbon monoxide is then emitted into the atmosphere. High levels of heat are required for this conversion process, which is why MOXIE was made from heat-resistant materials.

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image credit: NASA JPL/Twitter

This event will mark history and our future: it is indeed the first time that carbon dioxide has been transformed into oxygen on another planet. The study of this exploration technology is still in its infancy, but it could certainly become a scientific fact in its own right. It will be possible to isolate and store oxygen on Mars so that astronauts will one day have breathable air. Jim Reuter, the associate administrator of the Space Technology Mission Directorate, said MOXIE still had a lot of work to do, but it was a key step in converting carbon dioxide to oxygen on Mars.

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image credit: NASAPersevere/Twitter

Oxygen is not only essential for breathing: it is rocket fuel. To burn its fuel, a rocket must have plenty of oxygen, and carrying four astronauts to the surface of Mars on future missions would require tons of fuel and oxygen. Transporting tens of tons of oxygen from Earth to Mars is indeed an extremely difficult operation while transporting an instrument capable of converting carbon dioxide into oxygen would be more practical and less expensive.

In this first experimental conversion process, the MOXIE produced only 5 grams of oxygen , which equates to 10 minutes of breathable oxygen for an astronaut, but it was designed to produce about 10 grams per hour. MOXIE is not only the first instrument that can help produce oxygen on another world, but it is also the first technology that will allow future missions to live using elements from another’s environment. world.

Source used:

https://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-56844601

 nasa.gov

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